SIDA CORDIFOLIA (BALA)



BALA



Names

Indian Name :Bala
Botanical Name :Sida cordifolia
Other Names :Bala, Chikana

Specification Sheet



Introduction
Bala herb:

Sida Cordifolia is also known by the name Country Mallow. This herb has been used in India for over 2,000 years to treat bronchial asthma, cold & flu,headache, nasal congestion, aching joints, and cough & wheezing. It is popular amongst Ayurvedic physicians as an antipyretic for infectious diseases, and also as an aphrodisiac. In Western terms, Sida Cordifolia is considered to have diaphoretic, diuretic, central nervous system stimulating, and anti-asthmatic properties. Sida Cordifolia is an extract of the Sida cordifolia plant containing 0.8% to 1.2% of the alkaloids .

Origin
Grows wild along roadsides throughout the tropical and sub-tropical plains of India and Sri Lanka.

Chemical composition / key active constituents

The main alkaloid present is asparagin. Fatty oil, phytosterol, mucins, potassium nitrate, resins and resin acids are also known to be present. No tannins or glycosides have been identified. The main portion of the alkaloid was identified as ephedrine. Recent analyses have revealed that ephedrine and y-ephedrine constitute the major alkaloids from the aerial parts. From the aerial parts and the roots 6 -phenyl ethylamine, carboxylated tryptamines, quinazoline alkaloids, hypaphorine, vasicinone, vasicine and vasicinol in varying amounts were also obtained. An anti- microbial alkaloid cryptolepine, ephedrine and vasicine are reported from the different species of Sida plant.


Pharmacology
Sida cordifolia reduces cotton pellet granuloma formation in albino rats. The drug has antibacterial, antiplaque and antifungal activities. It increases the production of antisalmonella typhi “O” antibodies. Sitoindoside X has adapatogenic & immunostimulant properties.

Remedies For

Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antirhematic & Hypoglycaemic.This herb is prescribed by Ayurvedic doctors for heart disease and as a stimulant; facial paralysis, for healing tissues of chronic inflammation, sciatica, insanity, neuralgia and nerve inflammation. Externally the herb is good for numbness, nerve pain, muscle cramps, skin disorders, tumors, joint diseases,wounds, and ulcers.

Dosage
Root infusion: - 2-20ml & powder 1-3 gm.

References:
1. Deepak M. Standardization of some herbal drugs using chromatographic
   Techniques.
2. Phytochemistry :- Ghosal S., Chauhan R.B.P.S. & R. Mehta
3. Indian drugs :- Alam M. Joy S. & U.S.Ali
4. Ayurvedic drugs & their plant sources :- Sivarajan V.V.


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