Sida Cordifolia is also known by the name Country Mallow. This
herb has been used in India for over 2,000 years to treat bronchial
asthma, cold & flu,headache, nasal congestion, aching joints,
and cough & wheezing. It is popular amongst Ayurvedic physicians
as an antipyretic for infectious diseases, and also as an aphrodisiac.
In Western terms, Sida Cordifolia is considered to have diaphoretic,
diuretic, central nervous system stimulating, and anti-asthmatic
properties. Sida Cordifolia is an extract of the Sida cordifolia
plant containing 0.8% to 1.2% of the alkaloids .
Grows wild along roadsides throughout the tropical and sub-tropical
plains of India and Sri Lanka.
composition / key active constituents
The main alkaloid present is asparagin. Fatty
oil, phytosterol, mucins, potassium nitrate, resins and resin
acids are also known to be present. No tannins or glycosides have
been identified. The main portion of the alkaloid was identified
as ephedrine. Recent analyses have revealed that ephedrine and
y-ephedrine constitute the major alkaloids from the aerial parts.
From the aerial parts and the roots 6 -phenyl ethylamine, carboxylated
tryptamines, quinazoline alkaloids, hypaphorine, vasicinone, vasicine
and vasicinol in varying amounts were also obtained. An anti-
microbial alkaloid cryptolepine, ephedrine and vasicine are reported
from the different species of Sida plant.
Sida cordifolia reduces cotton pellet granuloma
formation in albino rats. The drug has antibacterial, antiplaque
and antifungal activities. It increases the production of antisalmonella
typhi O antibodies. Sitoindoside X has adapatogenic
& immunostimulant properties.
Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antirhematic
& Hypoglycaemic.This herb is prescribed by Ayurvedic doctors
for heart disease and as a stimulant; facial paralysis, for healing
tissues of chronic inflammation, sciatica, insanity, neuralgia
and nerve inflammation. Externally the herb is good for numbness,
nerve pain, muscle cramps, skin disorders, tumors, joint diseases,wounds,
infusion: - 2-20ml & powder 1-3 gm.
Deepak M. Standardization of some herbal drugs using chromatographic
2. Phytochemistry :- Ghosal S., Chauhan R.B.P.S. & R. Mehta
3. Indian drugs :- Alam M. Joy S. & U.S.Ali
4. Ayurvedic drugs & their plant sources :- Sivarajan V.V.